Oxford City Council and Oxfordshire County Council have shared updates on the temporary bus gates proposals for Oxford city centre, which aim to assist Oxford’s recovery from the coronavirus pandemic.
The bus gates aim to create an environment which is safer for pedestrians and cyclists. This is to be achieved through ensuring quicker, more frequent buses on less congested roads. It will thus allow potentially reallocating road space to create an improved pedestrian and cycling environment.
Under normal conditions, vehicles use the city centre as a cut through. The aim is to reduce the use of city centre as a through-route, thereby cutting traffic levels and congestion within and on the approaches to the centre, to reboot the local economy and support local businesses.
The survey will inform the decisions about the scheme including the location of the bus gates, timings, and how road space can best be reallocated ahead of the proposed installation of the temporary bus gates at the end of September.
Earlier this month the councils announced their intention to install the temporary bus gates as part of a wider response to assist in Oxford’s economic recovery from the coronavirus pandemic.
A bus gate is a form of access restriction that allows only buses, cyclists, emergency vehicles and other limited exempt users to pass through a particular point at specified times of the day.
The new temporary bus gates would be implemented using experimental traffic regulation orders following guidance recently issued to local authorities by the Department for Transport to assist in the delivery of emergency active travel measures and other pandemic recovery schemes.
It is proposed that the two temporary bus gates for the city centre are to be located:
- On Hythe Bridge Street or Worcester Street, between Frideswide Square and Beaumont Street
- On St Cross Road or South Parks Road, between Parks Road and Manor Road
The key points of the proposals are:
- Restricting car traffic cutting through the city to ensure quicker, more reliable, and more frequent buses operating on less congested roads into the city centre to reboot the local economy and support local businesses
- Reallocating road space to improve and encourage cycling and walking, including new or wider cycle lanes and closing roads to allow restaurants to place tables and chairs in the street create an outdoor café-culture, and to create safer and more attractive civic spaces which revitalise the city centre economy.
- Cyclists, buses, coaches, taxis, private hire vehicles, Blue Badge holders and disabled tax allowance vehicles will be allowed through the bus gates during its hours of operation.
- Limited access through the bus gates for residents within the central area of the city is being considered.
- Exemptions for other users are also being considered.
The bus gates would potentially operate seven days a week between 7.30 am and 6.30 pm, aligning to the existing restrictions at the current High Street bus gate.
The bus gates are specifically designed not to prevent access to any areas of the city, including the city centre. Access will be maintained through the bus gates for certain modes of travel and vehicles; other traffic will still be able to get to their destination via alternative routes.
The scheme will be funded by both councils and implemented by Oxfordshire County Council as the transport authority.
Supporting recovery from the coronavirus pandemic
The bus gates are part of measures that are being introduced by both councils to support recovery from the coronavirus pandemic, consistent with the Government’s national plan to create an environment which is safer for pedestrians and cyclists.
During the lockdown, Oxford city centre saw a 64% reduction in air pollution levels and increased cycling and walking. However, to sustain this level of activity, reduce traffic dangers, and maximise space for cyclists and pedestrians, a significant change to road space is required.
Cars cutting through the city centre makes it less attractive to visitors, local people, and tourists by creating congestion and dirty air. New compelling data shows that polluted air increases coronavirus infections, hospital admissions and deaths.
Oxford’s city centre economy is highly reliant on people arriving by bus – a survey undertaken in Oxford city centre in 2017 confirmed that for shopping, 70% came by Park & Ride or bus on the days surveyed.
The city centre’s reliance on public transport means that the city centre economy is more vulnerable to the impacts of the coronavirus pandemic due to people’s reluctance to use public transport.
The bus gates proposals reflect a change in the Government’s guidance on safe travel on 17 July which says: “You can help control coronavirus and travel safely by walking and cycling, if you can. Where this is not possible, use public transport or drive.” The recent change reflects the Government’s intention to promote a return to public transport as part of the recovery from the pandemic and Oxford’s temporary bus gates aim to rebuild confidence in bus travel.
The bus gates aim to decrease the number of cars using the city centre as a through route rather than a destination. Under normal conditions, vehicles use the city centre as a cut-through route, with car visitors representing less than 10% of total city centre footfall.
Oxford has also limited city centre car parking. Before the pandemic, car parking was already at capacity, particularly at weekends. Under the proposals, visitors wishing to access the city centre using a car will still be able to do this, with all the car parks still being accessible from all points.
What happens next?
The councils are encouraging feedback through an online survey. The survey will inform decisions about the scheme, which the councils are aiming to introduce by late September at the earliest.
A time period has not been set for the duration of the bus gates, however, Experimental Traffic Regulation Orders have a maximum time limit of 18 months and the bus gates cannot be made permanent without full public consultation.
Councillor Tom Hayes, Deputy Leader and Cabinet Member for Green Transport and Zero Carbon Oxford, Oxford City Council commented saying, “We all know what it felt like to drive through the city centre before the pandemic—drivers were losing time, bogged down in stop-go traffic. We need to stop Oxford’s roads from getting so congested that it’s quicker for people inside the ring road to abandon the city centre and spend their money elsewhere.
“The city centre needs to be a destination, not a drive-through. It’s people that spend money in local businesses and support local jobs, not cut-through cars.
“Oxford is a medieval city and our councils have limited room to manoeuvre: we can either remove some buildings to make room for more cars or we reduce the number of cars going through the city centre. These temporary bus gates don’t aim to block you from driving into town, they seek to funnel motorists into a set of routes which leave the others free for public transport, cycling and walking.”
Councillor Yvonne Constance, Cabinet Member for Environment, Oxfordshire County Council said, “The temporary bus gates will form an important part of the recovery of the transport network in Oxford and offer many benefits to residents and visitors. Bus journeys across the city have been slowed by increases in motor traffic over many years along with increasing air pollution.
“Bus gates give us a chance to build back a more sustainable city as we recover; they will help the recovery of the bus operators, reduce congestion where they are located and help offer safer roads for cyclists. Residents have indicated that they want safer streets with less traffic as part of the recovery and this will be one of the steps forward to achieving this goal.”