About Broughton Castle, Banbury
Broughton Castle is a moated and fortified manor house near Banbury in North Oxfordshire. Set in parkland and built of the rich local Hornton ironstone, it was selected by Simon Jenkins as one of only twenty to be awarded five stars in his book England’s Thousand Best Houses.
The core of the house was built in 1306 and the gatehouse in the early fifteenth century, but most of what you see today dates from the 1550’s. It was a centre of opposition to Charles I and was besieged and damaged after the Battle of Edgehill in 1642.
Broughton Castle is 2.5 miles from the centre of Banbury, 3 miles from Junction 11 of the M40.
Sir Thomas Wykeham was granted a “license to crenellate” in 1406 and these fortifications – gatehouse, moat and the battlements of the curtain wall – are the result. Sir Thomas had inherited Broughton Castle from his great uncle William of Wykeham, the founder of New College, Oxford and Winchester College who bought Broughton Castle in 1377. Their descendants still live in the Castle.